Tuesday, May 10, 2022

RLPB 644. Burma (Myanmar): Christian Crisis Grows

Religious Liberty Prayer Bulletin | RLPB 644 | Wed 11 May 2022
RLPB is published weekly to facilitate strategic intercessory prayer.

View archives at: Religious Liberty Prayer Bulletin (RLPB) blog. 

- due to war, displacement, looming famine and Monsoon
by Elizabeth Kendal

click on map to enlarge

After Burma's military seized power in a coup in February 2021, masses of anti-coup protesters took to the streets. As the junta unleashed a brutal crackdown, many ethnic Burman, Buddhist political leaders, dissidents and defectors fled from the Burman-Buddhist centre to the ethnic states on the country's periphery where they found protection under the wings of the mostly Christian and Christian-led ethnic armed organisations (EAOs) [see RLPB 587, 2 March 2021]. Within weeks, the Religious Liberty Prayer Bulletin was warning that a Christian crisis loomed as the conflict's front-line moved outwards from the Burman-Buddhist centre to the ethnic-religious minority periphery [RLPB 590, Christian Crisis Looms, 24 March 2021]. 

Over the course of 2021, the mostly Christian and Christian-led EAOs - specifically those of the Karen (in the east, bordering Thailand), the Kachin (in the north, bordering China) and the Chin (in the West, bordering India) - have become crucial to the resistance. These EAOs have trained, armed, co-led, supported and sheltered Burmese People's Defence Force (PDF) paramilitaries in the nation-wide fight against the junta. The UN reports (30 April): 'As of 25 April 2022, 578,200 people were displaced nationally since the 1 February 2021 military takeover', bringing the total number of IDPs in Burma to over 925,000. This year, 2022, the junta has escalated its attacks in the north-west and south-east.

In Burma's north-west - specifically Chin State and Sagaing and Magwe Regions - some 327,400 people are displaced, while some 34,500 have crossed into India. The situation is particularly severe in Chin State, which is more than 85 percent Christian. Mountainous, long-marginalised and underdeveloped Chin State is dependent on supplies being trucked in from Sagaing and Magwe Regions. But with roads into and through Chin State cut, villages burned, banks closed, the price of fuel skyrocketing (due to the war in Ukraine), food stocks running out, and the Indian border closed (due ostensibly to COVID), a humanitarian crisis looms. 

Meanwhile in Burma's south-east - specifically in Karen/Kayin and Mon States - some 186,200 mostly Christian ethnic Karen are now displaced, while some 1600 have crossed into Thailand. Fighting exploded in Karen/Kayin State in December 2021, when the Burmese military raided Lay Kay Kaw, in Myawaddy Township close to the Thai border, where they arrested dozens of dissidents in hiding, including two elected lawmakers from the National League for Democracy. Fighting subsequently spread to other parts of the state and continues with near-daily clashes. Some 12,000 ethnic Karen have been forced to flee their homes since Friday 29 April.

Internally displaced Karen families
on the Moei River bank, early January 2022.
The Irrawaddy, photo essay (January 2022)

Whenever an EAO or PDF paramilitary scores a victory - killing the junta's soldiers, shelling its convoys, overrunning its bases - then the junta responds with air strikes against civilians (from helicopter gunships, fighter jets and bombers) and the torching of villages. With farmers unable to tend to their crops, food insecurity is widespread and growing. For the hundreds of thousands of civilians who are displaced, the situation is truly dire. Many - including pregnant women, new-born babies, and the elderly - are without adequate shelter, food, or medicines. They are entirely dependent on aid to survive as the Monsoon season (mid-May to late October) approaches. Advocates are calling for the creation of demilitarised zones where civilians can be safe and farming can resume, and for sanctions to be applied against companies that supply the junta with aviation fuel.

The front-line has indeed moved outwards, from the Burman-Buddhist centre to the mostly Christian periphery - including the north where attacks continue against the mostly Christian Kachin - creating a Christian crisis of phenomenal proportions. But that is not the only movement being observed. Many Burman-Buddhists have also moved - some physically, many perceptually - towards their long-persecuted, mission-focused, ethnic minority, Christian fellow citizens. The once impenetrable 'dividing wall of hostility' made of Burman-Buddhist supremacy which has long separated the ethnic-religious majority from the persecuted Christian minorities is being shattered. Burma's Burman-Buddhists may be more open to the Gospel now than ever. The battle for Burma is both physical and spiritual.


* intervene in Burma to guide, protect and sustain his precious Church; may the junta's airforce be hamstrung and grounded; may humanitarian aid get through to all who need it ahead of the Monsoon; and may demilitarised zones be established where civilians can be safe and farming can resume. May Burma's strong and courageous Church not lose heart, but be assured of God's powerful, intervening, and sustaining presence.

* reach the ears and open the hearts of many Burman Buddhists, that multitudes might hear and receive the Gospel; may the 'dividing wall of hostility' between the peoples (Burman Buddhist supremacists vs persecuted Christians) be broken down and the people made one in the body of Christ (Ephesians 2:11-22); may the evils of war be turned to good as God redeems all this horror and suffering for his glory and the building up of his Church. May the devil have no victory here!


Since the Burmese military seized power in February 2021, Christian and Christian-led ethnic armed organisations (EAOs) have been central to the resistance. Ethnic Chin, Kachin and Karen EAOs have armed, trained, co-led, supported and protected Burmese People's Defence Force (PDF) paramilitaries. This year, the junta has escalated attacks in the north-west, where some 327,400 mostly Christian Chin are displaced; and in the south-east, where some 186,200 mostly Christian Karen are displaced. More than 925,000 civilians are internally displaced inside Burma, some 578,200 of whom have become displaced since the February 2021 coup. Most of the displaced are totally dependent on aid. Due to air strikes, farmers cannot tend crops. With roads cut, banks closed, villages torched, food stocks running out and the Monsoon season approaching, the situation is dire. Please pray.


Elizabeth Kendal is an international religious liberty analyst and advocate. 

She has authored two books: Turn Back the Battle: Isaiah Speaks to Christians Today (Deror Books, Melbourne, Australia, Dec 2012) which offers a Biblical response to persecution and existential threat; and After Saturday Comes Sunday: Understanding the Christian Crisis in the Middle East (Wipf and Stock, Eugene, OR, USA, June 2016).

She is an Adjunct Research Fellow at the Arthur Jeffery Centre for the Study of Islam at Melbourne School of Theology and has formerly served with the World Evangelical Alliance Religious Liberty Commission and Christian Faith and Freedom (Canberra).

See www.ElizabethKendal.com