Monday, April 27, 2015

RLPB 307. April Update, Incl. Syria, Genocide, India, Iraqi Kurdistan, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, UK

Religious Liberty Prayer Bulletin | RLPB 307 | Wed 29 Apr 2015

By Elizabeth Kendal

Wondrously show your steadfast love, O Saviour of those who seek refuge from their adversaries at your right hand. (Psalm 17:7 ESV)

APRIL 2015 UPDATE -- During April we prayed concerning . . .

rebel fighters burn Syrian flag in Idlib
* SYRIA (RLPBs 303 and 305), where strategic Idlib has fallen to an alliance of al-Qaeda affiliated jihadist groups armed with US-made anti-tank missiles; where IS is demanding $100,000 ransom for each of the more than 250 Assyrians taken captive in Hasekah; where the Armenian and Assyrian districts of Aleppo have been shelled by al-Nusra (al-Qaeda); and where both al-Nusra and IS are threatening Damascus. In the light of all this, Father Elias Hanout (38) appeals, 'If the West wants Syria to remain a country for Christian people, then help us to stay here; stop arming terrorists.'

UPDATE: On 22 April rebels in Syria launched what Stratfor Global Intelligence describes as 'one of the largest and most ambitious operations of the Syrian civil war'. The operation, labelled 'The Battle of Victory', brings together as many as 12,000 mostly international fighters -- including Chechens, Moroccans, Turkmen and Britons -- from more than 40 jihadist groups, including al-Qaeda's al-Nusra Front, Ahrar al-Sham and the US-backed Free Syrian Army. The jihadists' main aim is to sever the Syrian Arab Army supply line running east-west [between Latakia and Aleppo] through the al-Ghab Plain in the region of Jisr al-Shughour, Idlib Province (marked on map).

click on map to enlarge
On Saturday 25 April the jihadists -- who are entering Idlib via Turkey (the leading sponsor of both al-Nusra and Islamic State) -- captured strategic Jisr al-Shughour. On Sunday 26 April Syrian government forces commenced bombardment of rebel targets across Idlib. Heavy fighting is taking place in the al-Ghab Plain. Doubtless al-Qaeda has its sights set on the Alawite heartland of Latakia, now also home to many thousands of displaced Armenian and Assyrian Christians. The anti-Assad regime-change coalition (the US, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Qatar) refers to Latakia as a 'regime stronghold', ignoring the fact that it is a safe-haven for ethnic and religious minorities. That the Arabs and Turks are willing to sacrifice many thousands of Alawite and Christian lives is unsurprising. That the West is willing to do so, is beyond comprehension.

* KENYA (RLPB 304), where home-grown terrorists -- mostly ethnic Somali Kenyan nationals -- are targeting Christians and threatening national security. This is a problem not only for Kenyans, but for over 500,000 Somali refugees now facing forced removal back to Somalia, especially the secret Christians amongst them. Please pray.

* GENOCIDE: THEN AND NOW (RLPB 306), commemorating the Centenary of the Armenian Genocide -- a horror in which 1.5 million Armenian, 500,000 Greek and 750,000 Assyrian Christians were murdered, deported and starved as part of a wide-scale campaign of ethnic-religious cleansing amidst the chaos of WWI and the unravelling of the Ottoman Empire. It is a history that is repeating itself, not just with regard to the killing and expulsion of Christians, but with regard to the shameful stony silence of the West.

UPDATE: REFLECTING ON THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE

(1)  GERMAN PRESIDENT ACCEPTS GUILT
German President Joachim Gauck
Speaking in the Berlin Cathedral, at an ecumenical service commemorating the centenary of the Armenian Genocide, German President Joachim Gauck ignored Turkish pressure and used the word 'genocide' to describe the killings. Moreover the Protestant pastor and former East German dissident also acknowledged German guilt. 'In this case,' he said, 'we Germans must come to terms with the past regarding our shared responsibility, possibly shared guilt, for the genocide against the Armenians.' He conceded Germany colluded with the Ottoman Empire 'in planning and, in part, carrying out the deportations'. His concession is affirmed by historian Bat Ye'or, who has published the eye-witness account of intelligence agent Absalom Feiberg who wrote in 1915: 'It has been more than proved (of their own admission!) that it was the Germans who "organised" the control and "correction" of the Armenians. ... Now the Turks have promised that only 500,000 of the 2,500,000 Armenians living in the empire will be left at the end of the war. ... They are on their way to keeping their word.' [See footnote.]

So how is it that Germany can accept responsibility for the Holocaust and for the Armenian Genocide, yet Turkey remains resistant? Answer: Christianity produces a guilt culture in which sin and shame are dealt with through acceptance of guilt, confession and repentance which opens the way to reconciliation through gracious forgiveness. Islam, on the other hand, being supremacist, produces an honour-shame culture in which sin and shame are viewed as something to be swept away -- be that through honour killing or the rewriting of history. That the nations may be healed, please pray that the Gospel of Jesus Christ will take root in Turks, Kurds, Arabs and Muslims everywhere.

(2) 'WHAT KIND OF GOD ...?'
Yerevan - WWM 24 April 2015
World Watch Monitor (WWM) reported on a historic and immensely significant event to take place in Yerevan, Armenia, during the Centenary commemorations. A group of some 20 Turkish Protestants (former Muslims) travelled to Yerevan to 'share the pain' of the Armenians and seek forgiveness for 'the crimes of our forefathers'. The visit, organised in co-operation with Armenian evangelicals, was deeply moving and most significant. Armenians who met the Turkish Protestants -- whether at the memorial or in Yerevan's streets and cafes -- expressed amazement that Turks could even be Christians. Initially sceptical, their hearts soon softened. A Kurdish pastor who went to Yerevan was moved by the depth of pain and trauma he saw amongst the Armenians. 'It was a bold step,' said one Armenian evangelical who felt it was particularly significant because it had been initiated by the Turks. 'Until now,' another confessed, 'we forgave with our mouths, but not with our hearts.' Yet another commented, 'When we Armenians saw that the Turks felt pain for what their grandfathers did, we understood that we must forgive them.' When WWM asked one Turkish pastor what the reconciliation effort had really accomplished he replied: 'We want our fellow citizens, Turks and Armenians alike, to ask us: "What kind of God can bring two enemies together like this?"' [See: 'Overcoming a Century of Pain,' by Barbara Baker, www.worldwatchmonitor.org 24 April 2015.]

APRIL 2015 ROUND-UP -- also this month ...

* INDIA: DANGEROUS HINDUTVA RHETORIC
On 12 April Sadhvi Deva Thakur, a leader with the Hindu Mahasabha (a Hindu nationalist political party), stoked controversy by saying that the government should impose 'emergency measures' forcing Muslims and Christians to undergo sterilisation to restrict their growing populations. Insisting Hinduism was under threat, she also recommended that Hindu idols be placed in all mosques and churches. The Global Council of Indian Christians (GCIC) has appealed for Prime Minister Narendra Modi's intervention, maintaining that Sadhvi Deva Thakur should be charged with sedition as her statements are a direct assault on India's secular constitution and pose a threat to communal harmony. On 20 April, just days after a church was vandalised in Agra, Hindu Mahasabha stated that it is not illegal to attack churches, adding that it would actually give awards and protection to Hindu youths who attack churches. Pray for the Church in India.

* IRAQI KURDISTAN: ANKAWA INFILTRATED
Islamic State (IS) has claimed responsibility for the 18 April car bomb outside the American consulate in Ankawa, the largely Assyrian district on the northern outskirts of Erbil, the capital of Iraqi Kurdistan. More than eight people were wounded and two Turkish nationals (ethnic Kurds) were killed. No consulate staff were killed or wounded. Just four days earlier authorities arrested four Turkish construction workers accused of having links to IS. Whilst the attack was a failure, it is deeply concerning that IS could infiltrate what is regarded as Iraq's safest city. Most of the 70,000 displaced Assyrians in Erbil are sheltering in Ankawa. 'We hope this refuge remains solid and strong and safe,' said Fr. Behnam Benoka in Ankawa. 'This is what we hope because we have nowhere else to go.' Please pray.

'As the mountains surround Jerusalem, so the LORD surrounds his people, from this time forth and forevermore.' (Psalm 125:2 ESV)

EGYPT: MOCKING ISLAMIC STATE EQUALS MOCKING ISLAM
World Watch Monitor (WWM) reports that in February a Coptic school teacher named Gad Younan (42) filmed on his phone a group of Coptic youths mockingly imitating Islamic State fighters. Subsequently, his phone was lost and found by Muslims who watched the footage and filed a complaint with police. On 7 April Younan was arrested and charged with 'contempt of religion' proving that -- unlike many Western politicians -- masses of Muslims really do see IS as representing the religion of Islam. Over the next three days, Muslims rioted in Younan's village, pelting Coptic homes and businesses with bricks while chanting Islamic slogans. For the Copts it was three days of sheer terror. On 9 April the parents of four of the Coptic youths in the video handed their sons over to the police in the hope it would appease the Muslims, while Coptic priest Rev. Azer Tawadros (65) appealed to the government for help. Security forces arrived on 12 April and restored order. A 'reconciliation' meeting was held on 17 April in which it was affirmed that Islam is a religion of 'tolerance and forgiveness'. So that peace might be restored, the Christians agreed to expel Gad Younan from the village. Younan and the four youths remain in police custody as a court considers their cases. Christian security under Islam is tenuous indeed. Pray for Egypt's long-suffering, persecuted Christians.


* LIBYA: IS EXECUTES 28 ETHIOPIAN CHRISTIANS
On Sunday 19 April Islamic State (IS) released another video message to 'the Nation of the Cross' showing the execution of 28 ' followers of the hostile Ethiopian Church'. Sixteen of the Ethiopians were lined up in the bush in Wilayet Fezzan (southern Libya), forced to their knees and then shot through the head. The other twelve were marched onto a beach in Wilayet Barqa (eastern Libya), lined up along the shore, forced to their knees and then simultaneously beheaded.
Daily Mail reports: '[The video] starts with what it called a "history of Christian-Muslim relations", which includes scenes of militants destroying churches, graves and icons. A masked fighter in black then brandishes a pistol as he vows to kill Christians if they do not convert.' The IS spokesman makes it clear that 'Christians everywhere' need to know that IS is expanding and only those Christians who submit to the dhimma pact and pay the jizya (protection money) will live. Otherwise 'The men will be killed and the children will be enslaved, and their wealth will be taken as booty. This is the judgment of Allah and His Messenger.'

* NIGERIA: ELECTION RESULT
On 28 March Muhammadu Buhari won Nigeria's presidential election by 3.1 million votes. When Buhari lost the presidential race in April 2011, he claimed that the polls (deemed free and fair) had been rigged and the presidency stolen from him. His claim triggered three days of Muslim rioting across the north in which more than 800 people were killed and over 65,000 displaced. Praise God, President Goodluck Jonathan stayed true to his Christian profession and conceded defeat with grace and dignity while appealing for calm in the national interest. 'Nobody's ambition is worth the blood of any Nigerian,' he said. 'The unity, stability and progress of our dear country is more important than anything else.' This was the only scenario that could have avoided violence. Please persist in prayer for Nigeria for although Buhari boasts of being a 'born-again democrat', he has proved himself previously to be a dedicated Islamist.

* UK: ON THE BRINK OF CULTURAL COLLAPSE?

(1) NO SHARING FAITH WITH COLLEAGUES
RLPB 294 (27 Jan 2015) appealed for prayer regarding the case of Victoria Wasteney (38), a senior occupational therapist who had been suspended for sharing her faith with a Muslim nurse with whom she had become friends. Deeming the disciplinary action offensive and unfair, Wasteney appealed. On 8 April the Employment Appeals Tribunal ruled against Miss Wasteney, affirming that it was inappropriate for her to pray with her colleague and invite her to church. The judgement found the hospital had not acted with any prejudice or religious discrimination. The ruling sets a sad precedent.

(2) ELECTIONS: 7 MAY
The UK elections scheduled for 7 May are expected to be the closest in UK history. Polls indicate that neither the Tories nor Labour will win outright, meaning whoever wins more seats must form a coalition, giving minor parties the balance of power. Meanwhile, a Muslim group with links to fundamentalists maintains it will influence the outcome of up to 30 seats, making it the 'kingmaker'. Muslim Engagement and Development (Mend), which has released a Muslim Manifesto for the UK, boasts of being in talks with Tory, Labour and Lib Dem leaders. For its part, Labour has already pledged to have 'Islamophobia' (code for criticism of Islam) deemed a hate crime. Pray for revival in the UK.

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Footnote: Bat Ye'or, 'The Decline of Eastern Christianity under Islam', Fairleigh Dickenson University Press, 1996. p439
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Elizabeth Kendal is the author of
Turn Back the Battle: Isaiah Speaks to Christians Today 
(Deror Books, Dec 2012).


Wednesday, April 22, 2015

RLPB 306. GENOCIDE: Then and Now.

Religious Liberty Prayer Bulletin | RLPB 306 | Wed 22 Apr 2015

GENOCIDE: THEN AND NOW
-- an RLPB commemorating the Centenary of the Armenian Genocide.
By Elizabeth Kendal

On the night of 24 April 1915 the Young Turk government arrested over 200 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Constantinople (Istanbul) and dragged them off to prisons in central Anatolia (modern day Turkey). This event, known today as Red Sunday, is generally regarded as the beginning of the Armenian Genocide as it was the first in a series of arrests and deportations that saw 2,345 leading Armenians arrested, deported and (mostly) summarily executed.

Armenians 1915. Genocide Museum
By 1923 some 1.5 million Armenians (out of a total population of two million) had been savagely murdered or deported and starved to death by Turks who had been incited to kill and who were guaranteed impunity. The Armenian Genocide occurred in the context of a wide-scale ethnic-religious cleansing in the Turkish heartland as the Ottoman Empire unravelled. Also eliminated were at least 500,000 Greeks throughout Asia Minor and up to 750,000 Assyrian Christians throughout Mesopotamia. Whilst the Turks must bear most of the guilt, Kurds and Arabs were also involved.

Though 24 April 1915 is regarded as the start of the genocide, the killing actually began much earlier. Through the 19th Century, as the Ottoman Empire became 'the sick man of Europe', the captive Christian nations long-subjugated within it grasped the opportunity to agitate for independence. Inevitably, Christian uprisings were brutally suppressed and Christians executed, massacred and deported into slavery. Generally Russia (long the protector of Eastern Christians) would intervene in defence of persecuted Christians as was its right according to the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji, brokered by Catherine the Great in 1774. In 1853, after issuing several warnings, Russian troops crossed into the Danubian Provinces in defence of severely persecuted Greek Christians (although Europe regarded this as a mere pretext for imperialist expansion). Aware that defeat was imminent, the Turks appealed to Britain for help.

The Ottoman Empire's size, along with its location between imperial Europe and imperial Russia, afforded it economic and geo-strategic value. Not only did Britain have economic interests in keeping the Ottoman Empire united and strong for the purpose of free trade (which Britain believed was the key to world peace), it had geo-strategic interests in keeping Russia hemmed in. So Britain and France entered the Crimean War on the side of the Ottoman Turks. In exchange for British support the Sultan agreed to enact reforms aimed at improving the situation of his Christian subjects. The reforms, guaranteeing religious freedom and equality before the law, were aimed at bringing an end to the Christians' status as dhimmis (second class citizens, without rights).

Armenians, 1895. Genocide Museum.
Muslims, however, rejected the reforms, deeming them anti-Islamic. Viewing the removal of jizya (protection money) as a green light for jihad, pogroms and massacres became the order of the day. In 1860 some 20,000 Christians were slaughtered in Syria and Lebanon. In 1876 up to 25,000 Eastern Christians were massacred in the 'Bulgarian horrors'. In 1895-96 as many as 200,000 Armenians were murdered in Turkish Armenia. Keen to maintain its pro-Muslim policies, Britain adopted a 'conspiracy of silence' regarding the killings, along with running a campaign of propaganda vilifying Eastern Christianity. So the killings continued.

Then in 1915, as World War I raged and the Ottoman Empire unravelled, Turkish authorities exploited the chaos to launch an orchestrated campaign of ethnic-religious genocide, knowing full well that it was not in the interests of any Western power to stop them.

After the war the remnant Christians were denied their right of self-determination by pro-Muslim European powers who were convinced that the best way to modernise and soften Islam was to 'dilute' it with Christians. So it is a story not only of genocide, but of abandonment and betrayal, and the stoking of God's wrath.

FAST FORWARD TO THE 21ST CENTURY. 

Assyrian refugees 2014 (Iraq)
Today, a century of balance of power in, and Western hegemony over, the Middle East is officially over. The Muslim centre (Mesopotamia) has collapsed and the fight is on to see which regional power will fill the void: the Turks, the Arabs or the Persians; and which sect will dominate: the Sunnis or the Shi'ites. As in 1915 the minorities -- particularly the mostly Armenian and Assyrian Christians -- are facing genocide as Muslim elements exploit the chaos to launch an orchestrated campaign to tend to unfinished business: the eradication of Christianity.

The word genocide is already being used to describe the ethnic-religious cleansing of Iraq's remnant Assyrian Christians, which has seen their numbers drop from around 1.4 million to just 200,000, most of whom are displaced. In Syria, where the West is backing and arming genocidal Islamic forces, the future of remnant Armenian and Assyrian Christians hangs in the balance. In Turkey, where the dark clouds of neo-Ottomanism and Islam have rolled in and the government is vilifying Armenians and 'missionaries' as the ultimate threat to Turkish national security, Christians are vulnerable.

Armenian refugees 2014 (Syria)
Just as in 1915 the West is enacting pro-Muslim policies to advance its own 'interests': allied to the Turks and Arabs against Iran and against Syria's President Assad; allied to Iran against Islamic State; and backing Shi'ites in Iraq and Sunnis in Syria. All the while the West is totally unwilling to aid the minorities and help them establish safe havens for the prevention of genocide. Yet again, Christians are being eliminated and all the West has to offer is a shroud of deathly silence and a campaign of propaganda against anyone who would assist them. In the absence of repentance, how else could God respond but with judgment? As the West has delivered Christ's precious children into the hands of his and their enemy, so he will deliver the West into the hands of the same enemy! Indeed, Europe has already drunk from ‘the Cup of the Lord's Wrath’, the effects of which will soon be manifest.

These are days for reflection, confession and repentance. These are days for lamentation as a shameful history repeats itself and Christians suffer unimaginable horrors. Most of all, these are days for serious intercessory prayer that the God of the Cross will be at work in the darkness and that he, in grace, will turn back the battle.

LET US PRAY:

* that God will pour out a spirit of reflection and repentance over all those nations who have been complicit in genocide against the Lord's people, either through sins of commission [actual killing] or sins of omission [failing to intervene].

* for all those Christians across the Middle East today who are displaced and imminently imperilled -- especially Armenian and Assyrian Christians in conflict-wracked Syria and Iraq; may our loving heavenly Father, the Almighty King of kings and Lord of lords, provide all their needs -- material (such as shelter, security, food, water and heating) and spiritual guidance, comfort, peace, and grace.

* that the Church will rise to be the Church she is supposed to be: One Body IN Christ and a light to the world! May there be a willingness to show solidarity with those who suffer; to give generously to those in need; and to end the silence, especially our shameful silence before the Throne of Grace!

'Truly I tell you, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers and sisters of mine, you did for me. . . . whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.' (Matthew 25:40,45 NIV)


SUMMARY FOR BULLETINS UNABLE TO RUN WHOLE ARTICLE
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GENOCIDE THEN AND NOW
Commemorating the Centenary of the Armenian Genocide.

The Armenian Genocide occurred a century ago in the context of wide-scale ethnic-religious cleansing in the Turkish heartland as the Ottoman Empire unravelled. Between 1915-1923, some 1.5 million Armenians, some 500,000 Greeks and up to 750,000 Assyrians had been savagely murdered, or deported and starved to death. The West abandoned and betrayed its Christian allies thinking its interests lay in a pro-Muslim foreign policy. Today, history is repeating itself as Muslim forces exploit the chaos in Syria and Iraq towards eradicating Christianity. As in 1915 Christians are being eliminated and all the West offers is a shroud of deathly silence and a campaign of propaganda against anyone who would assist Christians. These are days for the Church to repent and  to rise in solidarity with the persecuted.

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Churches and fellowships using the Summary above might also provide a copy of the listed prayer points to be used in their worship by people who are leading in intercessory prayer.
 
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Elizabeth Kendal is the author of
Turn Back the Battle: Isaiah Speaks to Christians Today 
(Deror Books, Dec 2012).